Appendix A

Research Methodology

This appendix summarizes our research methods and gives quantitative results from our major data collections.

Excerpt from p. 308:

James Madison University MCS/CI Research Team Publications
*Note: These publications are available on line at http://www.mcsresearch.net
Books

Gibson, P.R. (2006). Multiple chemical sensitivity: A survival guide. Second Edition. Churchville, VA: Earthrive Books.

Gibson, P.R. (2000). Multiple chemical sensitivity: A survival guide. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.

Gibson, P.R. (2002). Understanding and accommodating multiple chemical sensitivity in independent living. A 50-page guide published by IL NET, a cooperative National Training and Technical Assistance Project of the Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) Program and the National Council on Independent Living. Available at ilru.org. Click on publications, then bookshelf series.

Book Forward

Gibson, P.R. (2000). Foreword to G. McCormick. Multiple chemical sensitivity: Narratives of coping. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Journal Articles

Gibson, P.R., Placek, E., Lane, J., Ostroff-Brohimer, S., & Lovelace, A.C.E. (2005). Disability Induced Identity Changes in Persons with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Qualitative Health Research, 15(4), 502-524.

Gibson, P.R., Elms, A.N.M., & Ruding, L.A. (2003). Perceived Treatment Efficacy for Conventional and Alternative Therapies Reported by Persons with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Environmental Health Perspectives, 111, 1498-1504.

Gibson, P.R. (1999). Social Support and Attitude Toward Health Care Delivery as Predictors of Hope in People with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 8(3), 275–283.

Gibson, P.R., Cheavens, J., & Warren, M.L. (1998). Social Support in People with Self-Reported Sensitivity to Chemicals. Research in Nursing & Health, 21(2), 103–115.

Gibson, P.R. (1997). Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Culture and Delegitimization: A Feminist Analysis. Feminism & Psychology, 7(4), 475–493.

Gibson, P.R., Cheavens, J., & Warren, M.L. (1996). Multiple Chemical Sensitivity/Environmental Illness and Life Disruption. Women & Therap,y 19, 63–79

Gibson, P. (1993). Multiple Chemical Sensitivities/Environmental Illness: Invisible Disabilities. Women and Therapy, 14,171–185. Also printed as a chapter in M. E. Willmuth and L. Holcomb, eds. Women with Disabilities: Found Voices. 1993. New York: Hayworth Press.

Conference Presentations

Gibson, P.R., & Lindberg, A. (2007). What do we know about multiple chemical sensitivity: An overview of the research. Poster to be delivered at the 8th International Conference of the International Association for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (IACFS) “Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, and other Related Illnesses.” January 12-14, BahiaMarBeach Resort, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA.

Gibson, P.R., Lindberg, A., Marston, N., & Merkel, J. (2007). Physicians’ perceptions and practices regarding patient reports of chemical sensitivity. Poster to be delivered at the 8th International Conference of the International Association for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (IACFS) “Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, and other Related Illnesses.” January 12-14, BahiaMarBeach Resort, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA.

Gibson, P.R., & Lindberg, A. (2006). Work and community access for people with multiple chemical sensitivity. Paper delivered at the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, March 2-4, Miami, FL.

Gibson, P.R., Davis, R.L., Zimmer, AL., & Lindberg, A.C. (2004). Integrating global and ecological issues into the psychological disciplines. Poster delivered at the annual meeting of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. Washington, D.C. June 26-28.

Gibson, P.R. (2003). Work experience and accommodation for persons with multiple chemical sensitivity. Invited presentation delivered at the Chemical Injury Information Network Chemical Injury Conference October 3-5, Fairfax, VA.

Gibson, P.R. (2002). Understanding and accommodating multiple chemical sensitivity. Teleconference sponsored by the Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) Program and the National Council on Independent Living (NCIL). February 20.

Gibson, P.R., Elms, A., & Ruding, L. (2001). Self-reported treatment efficacy in 917 persons with multiple chemical sensitivity. Paper delivered at the Chemical Injury Information Network MCS Conference, August 13-15, Sante Fe, NM.

Gibson, P.R. (1999). Failing to Accommodate Sensitive Populations: Individual and Cultural Consequences. In M. Lamielle, chair, Worker Power, Health, and Accommodation in a Global Economy. Symposium delivered at the joint APA/NIOSH Conference on Work, Stress, and Health ’99: Organization of Work in a Global Economy March 11-13, Baltimore, MD.

Gibson, P.R., White, M.A. & Earehart, A. (1998). Integrating Chemical Stressors into Paradigms for Women’s Health. In R. Ackerman, chair, Chemical Exposure and Women’s Health. Symposium delivered at the 106th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, August 15-18, San Francisco, CA.

Gibson, P.R., Lane, J.M., Ostroff, S. & Placek, L. (1998). Disability-Induced Identity Changes in People with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Poster delivered at the 22nd National Conference, Association for Women in Psychology, March 5-8, Baltimore, MD.

Gibson, P.R. (1997). Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Illness and Culture: On the Margins of Health Care. In P. Gibson, chair, Marginalized Health Problems and Women: Fibromyalgia, CFIDS, and Chemical Sensitivity. Symposium delivered at the 105th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, August 15-19, Chicago, IL.

Gibson, P.R., Rice, V.M. Dowling, E., Stables, D.B. & Keens, M. (1997). The Phenomenology of Multiple Chemical Sensitivity at Four Levels of Severity. In P. Gibson, chair, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity: An Emerging Social, Environmental and Medical Issue. Symposium delivered at the 105th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, August 15-19, Chicago, IL.

Gibson, P. R., White, M.A. & Rice, V.M.. (1997). Life Satisfaction in People with Invisible Disabilities: Chemical Sensitivity/Chemical Injury. Poster delivered at the 21th National Conference, Association for Women in Psychology, March 6-9, Pittsburgh, PA.

Gibson, P.R., Rice, V.M. & Stables, D.B.. (1997). Invisible Disabilities and Social Action: The Case of Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Poster delivered at the 21th National Conference, Association for Women in Psychology, March 6-9, Pittsburgh, PA.

Gibson, P.R. (1996). Measuring Adjustment to Illness in People with Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Poster delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Norfolk, Virginia, March 20-23.

Engel, L.R., Gibson, P.R., Adler, M.E., & Rice, V.M. (1996). Unmet Medical Needs in People with Self-Reported Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. Poster delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Norfolk, Virginia, March 20-23.

Crowley, C., & Gibson, P.R. (1995, March). Chemical Sensitivity: People, Controversies, Legalities. Poster delivered at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Savannah, Georgia, March 22-25.

Cheavens, J., Gibson, P.R., & Warren, M.L. (1994). Social Support and Isolation in People with Multiple Chemical Sensitivities. Paper delivered at the First Annual Conference of the Southern Regional Chapter of the Association for Women in Psychology, Hilton Head, South Carolina, October 28-30.

Gibson, P.R., Cheavens, J. & Warren, M.L. (1994). Chemical Sensitivity/Chemical Injury: Life Impacts. Paper delivered at the American Psychological Association’s Conference: “Psychosocial and Behavioral Factors in Women’s Health: Creating an Agenda for the 21st Century” May 12-14, Washington, DC.

Cheavens, J.,, Gibson, P.R., Warren, M.L. & Pasquantino, D. (1993). Chemical Sensitivities: Patients’ Views for Improved Access in a Technological Society. Poster delivered at the Annual Virginia Women’s Studies Association Conference: Women and Information Technology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

Gibson, P.R., Warren, M.L., Pasquantino, D., & Cheavens, J. (1993). Limitations and Thwarted Goals for People with Chemical Sensitivities. Poster delivered at the Annual Virginia Women’s Studies Association Conference: Women and Information Technology, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA.

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